Top 10 Oldest Cities in the World That Have Historic Background


Oldest Cities in the World The oldest city in the world is Damascus, Syria which dates back about 11,000 years ago. The modern world which we see today came into existence many years ago. When we study the history, it is revealed that the remnants of the old world are still present in many cities of the world. When we search for oldest cities in the world, we went back many centuries ago. Some cities of the world have millennial history and offer us the unique buildings which are present in the era of Greeks, Ottomans, and Mughals. Also check out the most interesting information about the oldest underwater cities of Ancient word.

These cities had occupied by many emperors in the history. Many historical buildings found in these cities which keep attraction for the tourists. Many mosques, Old Temple, and castles have worth to catch the spectacle of the world. Every year thousands of people visit these historical places. There is a list of Top 10 Oldest Cities in the world That Have Historic Background.

Related: 10 Most Populous Cities in 2017

10. Jerusalem, Israel

Inhabited Since – 2800 B.C

jerusalem-israelThis city has the unique place in the history and a nexus of great world religions. The earliest inhabitants date back as 2800 B.C. Jerusalem was considered a religious center for Christian, Jewish and Islamic faiths in the history. It is the only city in the list which being attacked, besieged and conquered many times in the history throughout its existence. This Israel city is the center of many beautiful sites such as The Mount of Olives, The Temple Mount for Jewish, The old town build by King-Davis in 1004 B.C and 19 B.C Western wall of the holiest site.

9. Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Inhabited since – 4000 B.C

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAPlovdiv is Europe oldest and second largest city of Bulgaria. Originally it was a Thracian settlement before becoming a Roman city. It was also known as Philippopolis of Greeks. When we read history, it prevailed that Ottomans conquered this city for a time. Plovdiv has many ancient remains which are evident of the presence of Romans and Greeks there. This loveliest city has ancient ruins like Roman Amphitheatre, Ancient Stadium of Philippopolis and Ottoman baths.

8. Sidon, Lebanon

Inhabited Since – 4000 B.C

sidon-lebanonSidon is one of the most famous and oldest Phoenician city which inhabited almost 4000 or 6000 B.C. This city is located at the important port of Mediterranean and conquered by many empires Greek, Egyptians, Ottomans, Assyrians and Babylonians. If we study the history we came to knew that it is historical figure Alexander, St. Paul and Jesus visited it many times and home of Sayyad , a busy port. Sidon is the largest city of Lebanon and populated with 200,000 people. Many incredible sites are present for tourists in the city including Sidon Sea Castle.

7. Faiyum, Egypt

Inhabited Since-4000 B.C

faiyum-egyptEgypt oldest city Faiyum is also the oldest city in Africa. It was located within 62 miles of Cairo southwest and an ancient city of Crocodilopolis. The inhabitants of the city worshiped a sacred crocodile Petsuchos who had its temple pond. Today new Faiyum has many large bazaars, baths, markets, and mosques. Hawara Pyramids also found there.

6. Aleppo, Syria

Inhabited Since-4300 B.C

aleppo-syriaAleppo is the most populated city of Syria with 4.4 million people. And its habitation evidence dates back almost 8000 years ago while the north site of the city shows about 13000 years ago. This city was considered the center of the ancient world and oldest human settlement in the world. It was under control oh Hittite in 800 B.C and then passed through the hands of Greek, Persian and Assyrian hands. Later Arabs and Roman occupied the city and then taken by Ottomans and Mongols. It is situated between Mesopotamia and Mediterranean seas and at the end of the silk road. Today it is a modern city of Syria and merely touched by Archaeologists.

5. Byblos, Lebanon

Inhibited Since-5000 B.C

byblos-lebanonLebanon another city that is included in this list is Byblos, That is also considered the oldest city in the world. Initially, it is known as Global and one of oldest Phoenician cities. This city founded around 5000 years ago, and Greek gave this name to the city which originated from where Phoenician alphabet spread. It located about 25 miles Beirut North at the coast of Mediterranean. For history lovers, it has many historical sites, Crusader castle built in the 12th century and Phoenician Royal Necropolis.

4. Ray, Iran

Inhabited Since – 6000 B.C

ray-iranRay also called Rey or Ray is the part of largest Tehran metropolitan area in Iran. Evidence show that this city established among 6000 B.C. It is also known as a Sacred place of Zoroastrianism. In A.D 641 Ray was occupied by Arabs and in 1220 destroyed by the Mongols. Historical monuments which still present in the city are 5000 years old Cheshmeh Ali Hill, 12th century Tughrul tower and 3000 years old Gebri castle. A 7000 years old aircraft discovered at the hill.

3. Athens, Greece

Inhabited Since – 5000 – 7000 B.C

athens-greeceGreece capital, Athens is also the oldest city in the world with population three million people. Athens is considered the city-state of democracy and had several historical gems and various empires such as Ottoman, Byzantine, and Roman. Many outstanding artists, writers, philosophers, dramatists belong to this city. It is the center of educational, political, cultural and economic activities and seeking a place for tourists who has a deep interest in art, cuisine, history.

The city is full of the historical museum as the New Acropolis Museum, The Byzantine and Christian Museum and the National Archaeological Museum. There are a significant archeological research center and a large hill wit ancient buildings remnants.

2. Jericho, Palestinian Territories

Inhabited Since – 9000 B.C

Hozeva monastery in IsraelJericho, Palestinian Territories located near the Jordan River in the West Bank believed the oldest city in the world. It is under the Palestine territories with a continuously inhabited city, and according to an archaeologist, it remains of 20 successive settlements from 11,000 years back. Jericho, Palestinian Territories is destroyed and rebuilt more than once and still standing today. For the visitors, there are many historical religious sites to see like Mount of Temptation, Nabi Musa grave, and Moses Tomb. For Muslims, it is the holiest place in the world.

1. Damascus, Syria

Inhabited Since 8000-10000 B.C

damascus-syriaWorld oldest city is Damascus which founded in the 3rd millennium B.C. Archeologists guessed this area was inhabited at least 11,000 years ago and today is the capital of Syria. It is the second largest populated city with 2.5 million people. Damascus situated between Asia and Africa and had vital importance at the crossroads of the West and East.

A unique place with so many cultures like Greek and Roman. The old walled city has narrow alleys, ancient architecture, green courtyards. People come from all over the world to see this breathtaking place. World oldest mosque Umayyad Mosque is also located there, built between 705 AD to 715 which had the evidence of Islam there in the history.

List of Top 10 Oldest Cities in the World That Have Historic Background

Sr. No Oldest Cities
Country Century (B.C)
1 Damascus Syria 8000-11000
2 Jericho Palestinian Territories 9000
3 Athens Greece 5000-7000
4 Ray Iran 6000
5 Byblos Lebanon 5000
6 Aleppo Syria 4300
7 Faiyum Egypt 4000
8 Sidon Lebanon 4000
9 Plovdiv Bulgaria 4000
10 Jerusalem Israel 2800


We conclude from this article these are oldest cities of the world but still has vital importance in the world. These are favorite places for history lovers and many people in the world love to visit these cities. I admitted that these cities have worth to seen because of historical background. If you are interested in the history, you should visit these cities.